Even though women worldwide have taken important steps towards achieving a more equal status with men, economic inequality still remains one of the most pervasive and flagrant aspects of gender inequality. The persisting lifetime income gap between men and women is determined by many factors. For example, women still have more limited access to economic resources, including paid jobs; they are paid less than their male counterparts in the labour market; and they are far more often responsible for unpaid household labour and care work. The gender pay gap is one of the major causes of economic inequality between men and women.
This is brief outlines the key issues on the gender pay gap and is based on the Analysis of the Gender Pay Gap and Gender Inequality in the Labor Market in Georgia. The full report includes the decomposition of the Gender Pay Gap based on 2017 Labor Force survey, gender disaggregation of the labor indicators in Georgia, comprehensive methodological review and the guidelines of the quantitative analysis and policy recommendations.
The report was prepared in the framework of the project “Women’s Economic Empowerment in the South Caucasus”, funded by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) and the Austrian Development Cooperation (ADC) through the Austrian Develop¬ment Agency (ADA).